.NET 调用存储过程详解

2/22/2017来源:ASP.NET技巧人气:1251

1. 返回单一记录集的存储过程

SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(ConStr);
SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
cmd.Connection = conn;
cmd.CommandText = "Categoriestest1";
 
// 指定执行语句为存储过程
cmd.CommandType = CommandType.StoredPRocedure;
 
SqlDataAdapter dp = new SqlDataAdapter(cmd);
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
dp.Fill(ds);
GridView1.DataSource = ds;
GridView1.DataBind();


存储过程Categoriestest1

CREATE PROCEDURE Categoriestest1 
AS
select * 
from  Categories
GO


 

2. 没有输入输出的存储过程

SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(ConStr);
SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
cmd.Connection = conn ;
cmd.CommandText = "Categoriestest2";
cmd.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;
conn.Open();
Label1.Text = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery().ToString();
conn.Close();


 

 

 

存储过程Categoriestest2

CREATE PROCEDURE Categoriestest2  AS
insert into dbo.Categories 
(CategoryName,[Description],[Picture])
values ('test1','test1',null)
GO


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. 有返回值的存储过程

SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(ConStr);
SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
cmd.Connection = conn;
cmd.CommandText = "Categoriestest3";
cmd.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;
 
// 创建参数
IDataParameter[] parameters = { new SqlParameter("rval", SqlDbType.Int,4) };
// 将参数类型设置为 返回值类型
parameters[0].Direction = ParameterDirection.ReturnValue;
// 添加参数
cmd.Parameters.Add(parameters[0]);
 
conn.Open();
// 执行存储过程并返回影响的行数
Label1.Text = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery().ToString();
conn.Close();
// 显示影响的行数和返回值
Label1.Text += "-" + parameters[0].Value.ToString();


存储过程Categoriestest3

CREATE PROCEDURE Categoriestest3
AS
insert into dbo.Categories 
(CategoryName,[Description],[Picture])
values ('test1','test1',null)
return @@rowcount
GO


 

 

 

4. 有输入参数和输出参数的存储过程

SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(ConStr);
SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
cmd.Connection = conn;
cmd.CommandText = "Categoriestest4";
cmd.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;
 
// 创建参数
IDataParameter[] parameters = 
{
    new SqlParameter("@Id", SqlDbType.Int,4) ,
    new SqlParameter("@CategoryName", SqlDbType.NVarChar,15) ,
};
 
// 设置参数类型
parameters[0].Direction = ParameterDirection.Output;  // 设置为输出参数
parameters[1].Value = "testCategoryName";
 
// 添加参数
cmd.Parameters.Add(parameters[0]);
cmd.Parameters.Add(parameters[1]);
 
conn.Open();
// 执行存储过程并返回影响的行数
Label1.Text = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery().ToString();
conn.Close();
// 显示影响的行数和输出参数
Label1.Text += "-" + parameters[0].Value.ToString();


存储过程Categoriestest4

CREATE PROCEDURE Categoriestest4
@id int output,
@CategoryName nvarchar(15)
AS
insert into dbo.Categories 
(CategoryName,[Description],[Picture])
values (@CategoryName,'test1',null)
set  @id = @@IDENTITY
GO


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5. 同时具有返回值、输入参数、输出参数的存储过程

SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(ConStr);
SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
cmd.Connection = conn;
cmd.CommandText = "Categoriestest5";
cmd.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;
 
// 创建参数
IDataParameter[] parameters = 
{
new SqlParameter("@Id", SqlDbType.Int,4) ,
new SqlParameter("@CategoryName", SqlDbType.NVarChar,15) ,
new SqlParameter("rval", SqlDbType.Int,4)
};
 
// 设置参数类型
parameters[0].Direction = ParameterDirection.Output;       // 设置为输出参数
parameters[1].Value = "testCategoryName";                  // 给输入参数赋值
parameters[2].Direction = ParameterDirection.ReturnValue;  // 设置为返回值
 
// 添加参数
cmd.Parameters.Add(parameters[0]);
cmd.Parameters.Add(parameters[1]);
cmd.Parameters.Add(parameters[2]);
 
conn.Open();
// 执行存储过程并返回影响的行数
Label1.Text = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery().ToString();
conn.Close();
// 显示影响的行数,输出参数和返回值
Label1.Text += "-" + parameters[0].Value.ToString() + "-" + parameters[2].Value.ToString();


存储过程Categoriestest5

CREATE PROCEDURE Categoriestest5
@id int output,
@CategoryName nvarchar(15)
AS
insert into dbo.Categories 
(CategoryName,[Description],[Picture])
values (@CategoryName,'test1',null)
set  @id = @@IDENTITY
return @@rowcount
GO


 

 

6. 同时返回参数和记录集的存储过程

SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(ConStr);
SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
cmd.Connection = conn;
cmd.CommandText = "Categoriestest6";
cmd.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;
 
// 创建参数
IDataParameter[] parameters = 
{
new SqlParameter("@Id", SqlDbType.Int,4) ,
new SqlParameter("@CategoryName", SqlDbType.NVarChar,15) ,
new SqlParameter("rval", SqlDbType.Int,4)                   // 返回值
};
 
// 设置参数类型
parameters[0].Direction = ParameterDirection.Output;        // 设置为输出参数
parameters[1].Value = "testCategoryName";                   // 给输入参数赋值
parameters[2].Direction = ParameterDirection.ReturnValue;   // 设置为返回值
 
// 添加参数
cmd.Parameters.Add(parameters[0]);
cmd.Parameters.Add(parameters[1]);
cmd.Parameters.Add(parameters[2]);
 
SqlDataAdapter dp = new SqlDataAdapter(cmd);
DataSet ds = new DataSet();            
dp.Fill(ds);           
GridView1.DataSource = ds.Tables[0];
GridView1.DataBind();
 
Label1.Text = string.Empty;
// 显示输出参数和返回值
Label1.Text += parameters[0].Value.ToString() + "-" + parameters[2].Value.ToString();


存储过程Categoriestest6

CREATE PROCEDURE Categoriestest6
@id int output,
@CategoryName nvarchar(15)
AS
insert into dbo.Categories 
(CategoryName,[Description],[Picture])
values (@CategoryName,'test1',null)
set  @id = @@IDENTITY
select * from Categories
return @@rowcount
GO


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7. 返回多个记录集的存储过程

SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(ConStr);
SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
cmd.Connection = conn;
cmd.CommandText = "Categoriestest7";
cmd.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;
 
SqlDataAdapter dp = new SqlDataAdapter(cmd);
DataSet ds = new DataSet();            
dp.Fill(ds);            
GridView1.DataSource = ds.Tables[0];
GridView1.DataBind();            
GridView2.DataSource = ds.Tables[1];
GridView2.DataBind();


存储过程Categoriestest7

CREATE PROCEDURE Categoriestest7
AS
select * from Categories
select * from Categories
GO