MVC无刷新分页(即局部刷新,带搜索,页数选择,排序功能)

8/10/2015来源:ASP.NET技巧人气:5689

MVC无刷新分页(即局部刷新,带搜索,页数选择,排序功能)

  我查看了很多网站,大部分评论分页都是局部刷新的,可大部分电商商品展示分页都是有刷新页面的,于是我便做了一个商品展示无刷新分页的例子。接下来我就将做一个模仿淘宝已买到的宝贝功能,不过我的是无刷新分页的。

  至于为何要用无刷新分页(局部刷新)呢,我个人觉得有几点原因:

  1. 提高用户体验,无刷新分页网页看起来相对静止,滚轮不会跳到上面,加载速度比较快;

  2. 减轻网站服务器压力,返回局部页面(其中无需包含样式和脚本)肯定比返回整个页面要来的轻松;

  3. 还有个分页的好处就是减轻数据库的压力,返回几行的数据肯定比返回所有行的数据要轻松啦。

  首先右击项目-管理NuGet程序包,联机搜索MvcPager,并安装

  然后在BLL的订单管理OrderManage类里添加一个ToPagedList方法,第几页pageIndex和每页行数pageSize是必需的,其他都可空。

 1         public PagedList<SH_Order> ToPagedList(int pageIndex, int pageSize, string orderBy, string orderName, SH_OrderState? state, SH_PayType? payType, DateTime? startTime, DateTime? endTime, long? accountId) 2         { 3             using (var db = new ShopContext()) 4             { 5                 var log = db.Order.Include(s => s.Account); 6  7                 if (accountId != null) 8                 { 9                     log = db.Order.Where(o => o.AccountId == accountId);10                 }11 12                 if (state != null)13                 {14                     log = log.Where(o => o.State == state);15                 }16 17                 if (payType != null)18                 {19                     log = log.Where(o => o.PayType == payType);20                 }21 22                 if (startTime != null)23                 {24                     log = log.Where(o => o.LogTime > startTime);25                 }26 27                 if (endTime != null)28                 {29                     log = log.Where(o => o.LogTime < endTime);30                 }31 32                 if (!string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(orderName))33                 {34                     log = log.Where(o => o.OrderName.Contains(orderName));35                 }36 37                 switch (orderBy)38                 {39                     case "LogTime":40                         log = log.OrderBy(o => o.LogTime);41                         break;42                     case "LogTime Desc":43                         log = log.OrderByDescending(o => o.LogTime);44                         break;45                     case "AccountName":46                         log = log.OrderBy(o => o.Account.AccountName);47                         break;48                     case "AccountName Desc":49                         log = log.OrderByDescending(o => o.Account.AccountName);50                         break;51                     case "TotalPRice":52                         log = log.OrderBy(o => o.TotalPrice);53                         break;54                     case "TotalPrice Desc":55                         log = log.OrderByDescending(o => o.TotalPrice);56                         break;57                     case "OrderName":58                         log = log.OrderBy(o => o.OrderName);59                         break;60                     case "OrderName Desc":61                         log = log.OrderByDescending(o => o.OrderName);62                         break;63                     case "PayTime":64                         log = log.OrderBy(o => o.PayTime);65                         break;66                     case "PayTime Desc":67                         log = log.OrderByDescending(o => o.PayTime);68                         break;69                     default:70                         log = log.OrderByDescending(o => o.ID);71                         break;72                 }73 74                 return log.AsNoTracking().ToPagedList(pageIndex, pageSize);75             }76         }

  可是只有订单还不行呀,订单是有订单明细的,也就是说除了订单表还有订单明细表,这个不搞出来岂不是做不了淘宝的那个功能?那就再加一个方法:

1         public List<List<SH_OrderDetail>> GetOrderDetailByOrders(IEnumerable<SH_Order> orders)2         {3             using (var db = new ShopContext())4             {5                 var details = new List<List<SH_OrderDetail>>();6                 orders.ToList().ForEach(o => details.Add(db.OrderDetail.Include(j => j.Gift).Where(j => j.OrderId == o.ID).AsNoTracking().ToList()));7                 return details;8             }9         }

  至此,订单和订单明细都能获取,BLL的逻辑处理已经完成了。接下来就是Web项目的事了。先建一个订单模型:

1     public class OrdersViewModel2     {3         public PagedList<SH_Order> Orders { get; set; }4 5         public List<List<SH_OrderDetail>> OrderDetails { get; set; }6     }

  这个模型用来存放从BLL获取的订单和订单明细,然后就处理Controller了:

        [ShopAuthorize]        public ActionResult OrderList(string orderState, string orderBy, string payType, string logTime, string orderName, string giftName, int pageSize = 10, int pageIndex = 1)        {            DateTime? startTime = null;            DateTime? endTime = null;            switch (logTime)            {                case "1MonthAgo":                    endTime = DateTime.Now.AddMonths(-1);                    break;                default:                    startTime = DateTime.Now.AddMonths(-1);                    break;            }            SH_OrderState enumOrderState;            var result = Enum.TryParse(orderState, out enumOrderState);            SH_OrderState? endOrderState = null;            if (result) endOrderState = enumOrderState;            SH_PayType enumPayType;            result = Enum.TryParse(payType, out enumPayType);            SH_PayType? endPayType = null;            if (result) endPayType = enumPayType;            var manage = new OrderManage();            var orders = manage.ToPagedList(pageIndex, pageSize, orderBy, orderName, endOrderState, endPayType, startTime, endTime, long.Parse(User.Identity.GetUserId()));            var orderList = new OrdersViewModel            {                Orders = orders,                OrderDetails = manage.GetOrderDetailByOrders(orders)            };            if (Request.IsAjaxRequest())            {                return PartialView("_OrderList", orderList);            }            ViewBag.OrderState = Common.Common.GetSelectListByEnum(typeof(SH_OrderState), "全部订单状态");            ViewBag.PayType = Common.Common.GetSelectListByEnum(typeof(SH_PayType), "全部支付方式");            ViewData["GiftLevel"] = Common.Common.GetSelectListByEnum(typeof(SH_GiftLevel));            return View("OrderManage", orderList);        }

  其中ShopAuthorize是我自定义的登录验证:

 1     public class ShopAuthorizeAttribute : AuthorizeAttribute 2     { 3         protected override bool AuthorizeCore(HttpContextBase httpContext) 4         { 5             var user = httpContext.User; 6             return user != null && user.IsInRole("Account"); 7         } 8          9         protected override void HandleUnauthorizedRequest(AuthorizationContext filterContext)10         {11             if (filterContext == null)12             {13                 return;14             }15 16             var path = filterContext.HttpContext.Request.Path;17             const string strUrl = "/Account/Login?returnUrl={0}";18             filterContext.HttpContext.Response.Redirect(string.Format(strUrl, HttpUtility.UrlEncode(path)), true);19         }20     }

  Controller也完成了数据的传递,最后只剩下页面了,先说OrderManage页面,此页面关键地方在于异步提交的表单:

  提醒一下,要用Ajax提交需加上jquery.unobtrusive-ajax.min.js和@{ Html.RegisterMvcPagerScriptResource(); }引用,并且引用Jquery1.7以上版本,另外还需加上

  其中每页行数选择的就自己在OrderManage写一个下拉列表,再写个脚本实现改变行数时改变表单里的id为pageSize的值,并触发表单的提交即可,排序的也同理改变表单里的id为orderBy的值并触发表单的提交即可。最后就只剩下局部页面_OrderList了,这里的关键点在于:

  至此,无刷新分页功能已完成,来张效果图吧

  是不是和淘宝的有点像捏

  声明,本文有参考http://www.webdiyer.com/mvcpager/,样式也可以在http://www.webdiyer.com/mvcpager/demo/applyCSS/学习一下。欢迎探讨共同学习喔。